Established in the fourth century, the city became an important trading port for the Kingdom of Sunda. From time to time, Batavia continued to develop with cultural characteristics that were getting more and more stable, so it was easy to distinguish from other ethnic groups. Betawi is an ethnic group that is rich in cultural diversity, language, and culture. Some even argue that the Betawi population is plural. That is, they came from the mixing of the blood of various ethnic groups and foreign nations. Batavia culture, on the other hand, was strongly influenced by the Dutch, Chinese, Arabic, Indian, Portuguese, and Sundanese. It was the de facto capital of the Dutch East Indies (known as Batavia at that time) and has continued as the capital of Indonesia since the country’s independence was declared in 1945.



Located on the northwest coast of Java island, Jakarta is the country’s economic, cultural and political center. The official metropolitan area, known as Jabodetabek (a name formed by combining the initial syllables of Jakarta, Bogor, Depok, Tangerang, and Bekasi), is the second-largest in the world, yet the metropolis’ suburbs continue beyond it.

Jakarta is listed as a global city in the 2008 Globalization and World Cities Study Group and Network (GaWC) research. In 2011, Jakarta was ranked 17th in the world’s largest cities, a jump from 171 in 2007. Jakarta has grown more rapidly than Kuala Lumpur, Beijing, and Bangkok.

Many domestic immigrants bring their various languages, dialects, foods, and customs, adding to the cultural mix of the city. Its population comprises all the ethnic groups in the Indonesian archipelago, living under the national motto: Bhineka Tunggal Ika, meaning: Unity in Diversity

The city is the seat of the ASEAN Secretariat. Jakarta is served by the Soekarno–Hatta International Airport, Halim Perdanakusuma International Airport, and Tanjung Priok Harbor; it is connected by several intercity and commuter railways and served by several bus lines running on reserved busways.

As one of the largest and most successful private universities in Indonesia, BINUS University strives to nurture our network of partnerships and to offer our students supportive learning experiences. Such opportunities are offered to gain global experience, broader perspective, social understanding, and cultural awareness.

For more information about living in Jakarta, please visit our international office website.

or BINUS Global website https://global.binus.ac.id/indonesia-up-close