Palm oil is one of the world’s most produced and consumed oils. This cheap, production-efficient and highly stable oil is used in a wide variety of food, cosmetic and hygiene products, and can be used as a source for biofuel or biodiesel. Most palm oil is produced in Asia, Africa and South America because the trees require warm temperatures, sunshine and plenty of rain in order to maximize production. In Indonesia, PT Perkebunan Nusantara as one of the companies owned by Government who specialized operating the palm oil production was challenged by the controversial cases in Sumatra. The case arises after the land clearing activities for the palm oil plantation that caused haze spread throughout several countries in Southeast Asia.
The land clearing cases in Sumatra island causes multiple adverse impacts to the environment, surrounding society, and to the business, itself. The 2015 Southeast Asian haze was an air pollution crisis affecting several countries in Southeast Asia. It was caused by PTPN from illegal slash-and-burn practices to open new palm oil plantation due to land clearing, principally on the Indonesian islands of Sumatra and Kalimantan, which then spread quickly in the dry season. This case has been the worst disaster not only for Indonesia but also other countries surrounded.
Fintech’s business in Indonesia is growing rapidly nowadays, proven by the existence of many Fintech-based startup companies in the last few years. Fintech startup itself is starting to occupy a large part of the Indonesian startup industries. Fintech helps people to access financial products, facilitate transactions and improve their financial literacy easier. Fintech became highlight in September 2015 when Indonesia’s Fintech Association established. The goal is to set a trusted and reliable partner to build up Indonesia’s Fintech ecosystem. It come up from Indonesia enterprises and for Indonesians. Up to now, there are at least 140 Fintech players in Indonesia, with 55 of them joining the organization as full members.
In 2016, the Indonesia Financial Service Institution (POJK) issued new regulations and policies about fintech on off balance sheet (marketplace) lending and by Central Bank (BI) on Payment Transaction Processing. The growth of Fintech players has been skyrocketing, from only 7% in 2006/2007 to 78% a decade later. The number of the players are recorded around 135-140 companies. 43% of them play in the payment sector, such as mobile payment as well as payment gateway startups from various sectors, ranging from payment startups, lending, financial planning (personal finance), retail investment, crowdfunding, remittances, financial research, and others. Fintech reaches the younger generation who are more familiar with the internet and make use of the internet for all their needs. Fintech can also make things simpler and more efficient. Fintech uses technology, software and big data, it also uses social media data from its users that Fintech uses in conducting risk analysis.
The development of modern technology has penetrated the world of transportation in Indonesia. It can be seen from the emergence of ride-hailing application models in major cities in Indonesia (Exhibit 1). This ride-hailing application is a combination of motorcycle taxi transportation services and communication technology. This application is intended to make it easier for users to access transportation media that will be used in daily mobility. This online-based transportation application is also called the ride-hailing application, whose appearance in Indonesia began to rise in 2014 and peaked in 2017 (Exhibit 2). The phenomenon of online-based applications is an answer to people's needs for transportation that is easy to get, convenient, fast, and inexpensive. The most popular online transportation provider in Indonesia is Gojek and Grab.
The issue that is now the concern is the widespread finding of cases of fictional orders that aim to get massive bonuses, including the use of fake GPS to rig the driver's partner position. Fictional orders appear after new regulations from online transportation providers are considered to be harmful to the drivers. Service rates are lowered, and minimum payments are also deleted. The company also added a performance appraisal system for its drivers. This policy certainly has a positive and negative impact on the driver and management. The new rules will add to the list of burdens borne by drivers, namely pulses, gasoline, and vehicle service fees, while receipt of orders must reach 70 per cent to get a daily bonus. This new rule seems to eliminate the opportunity for the driver to get the daily bonus. This new rule also makes drivers unable to reject passenger orders directed by company management. Drivers only have 10 seconds to take the order, and if not taken, it will affect their performance as a driver.
In a world where democracies are important, news organizations play a crucial role in the development of modern society. In other words, media organizations significantly influence society through their content. The character of the media is interesting in this regard. The media serves as a surveillance for public institutions and society, but media outlets are also business entities with the baggage of potential bias and interests that come with money.
As the press has grown into a massive and powerful existence, especially with the emergence of online media, there has been a significant change in reporting news from things that already happened to things that are happening. However, in order to provide 'real-time' news, the essence of journalism, which should strictly rely on the verification of facts, seems to be often neglected. Some of the most important aspects of the media's social responsibilities lie in the areas of ethical journalism, news accuracy, and media bias. The failure to appraise upon those aspects might cause public misinformation and, in the Indonesian context, social conflict.
In 2017, in West Kalimantan, Maman Budiman, a 53-year-old man was on March 26 attempting to visit his son in Amawang village in Mempawah regency when he was beaten to death by local people who suspected him of preying on children. Maman, who was a trader in petai beans (bitter beans), had been intending to deliver some rice and other foods to his son, Tedi (26) when he stopped to ask for directions. He was brutally bashed and detained at the village hall. At the time, false information on “massive” child kidnapping was being spread in the country through social media and chat apps which lead people to believe it. As people rely more on social media for news, there is a real risk of fake news hijacking Indonesian democracy. It is crucial that Indonesian schools teach children to practice critical thinking, so they can distinguish between facts and lies because media have a strong influence towards our children these days in order to get the standard perspective of the news and prevent bias on news media.