The development of modern technology has penetrated the world of transportation in Indonesia. It can be seen from the emergence of ride-hailing application models in major cities in Indonesia (Exhibit 1). This ride-hailing application is a combination of motorcycle taxi transportation services and communication technology. This application is intended to make it easier for users to access transportation media that will be used in daily mobility. This online-based transportation application is also called the ride-hailing application, whose appearance in Indonesia began to rise in 2014 and peaked in 2017 (Exhibit 2). The phenomenon of online-based applications is an answer to people’s needs for transportation that is easy to get, convenient, fast, and inexpensive. The most popular online transportation provider in Indonesia is Gojek and Grab.

The issue that is now the concern is the widespread finding of cases of fictional orders that aim to get massive bonuses, including the use of fake GPS to rig the driver’s partner position. Fictional orders appear after new regulations from online transportation providers are considered to be harmful to the drivers. Service rates are lowered, and minimum payments are also deleted. The company also added a performance appraisal system for its drivers. This policy certainly has a positive and negative impact on the driver and management. The new rules will add to the list of burdens borne by drivers, namely pulses, gasoline, and vehicle service fees, while receipt of orders must reach 70 per cent to get a daily bonus. This new rule seems to eliminate the opportunity for the driver to get the daily bonus. This new rule also makes drivers unable to reject passenger orders directed by company management. Drivers only have 10 seconds to take the order, and if not taken, it will affect their performance as a driver.