Dr. Drs. Jenri Mula Panondang Panjaitan, M.H.

Dr. Drs. Jenri Mula Panondang Panjaitan, M.H.

Program Studi: Management
Knowledge Area: Operation management and decision science
Deskripsi Singkat: S3 Sekolah Pasca Sarjana UGM, Program Studi Kepempinan dan Inovasi Kebijakan (c.q Studi Kebijakan)
ORCID ID: 0000-0001-5416-8552
Publons ID: AFQ-3954-2022

What Do Banks, Rural Credit Institutions, and Regulators Infer from the Current Strengths and Standing of Indonesian SMEs?

This study investigates whether the Indonesian regulators control Indonesian small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) with matching or mismatching empowerment strategies, in light of their strengths and current standing. Indonesian SMEs contributed approximately 60.34% to Indonesia’s gross domestic product (GDP) in 2018. In addition, Indonesian regulators have focused on financial support through credit policies and tax incentives. Indonesian SMEs have been standing on organizational readiness and readiness for change, based on their social networks and social cognition. It collected thirteen informants with different expertise and experiences. This study’s results suggest Indonesia’s regulatory body and financial institutions should consider the SMEs’ social cognition and organizational readiness for change. According to the current situation, to empower Indonesian SMEs, we recommend strategies such as achieving knowledge supremacy, creating an economic development board, as in Singapore, formulating comprehensive industry-wide policies, adopting omnibus laws, and implementing a shifting balance strategy. In other words, the Indonesian regulators should implement major reforms, which are similar to glasnost and perestroika in the former Soviet Union. This is to enhance Indonesian SMEs and achieve the goal of the Government of Indonesia (GoI) with respect to the optimal distinctiveness of Indonesia’s future economy. This optimal distinctiveness refers to the GoI’s policies, which focused on knowledge supremacy, an industry-wide regime, and research for empowerment.


As per newspapers and national news reports, small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in Indonesia, currently 26,574 in number, are spreading widely. The transformation of SMEs to large, mature business entities is slow. This study investigates the sluggish transformation of SMEs in Indonesia and offers new explanations for the sluggishness, focusing on knowledge empowerment instead of financial aspects. A new development model was constructed with an aim to enhance SMEs. This study serves as research with a paradigm of constructivism, prioritizing knowledge empowerment. Executive officers of SMEs should aim for the construction of conceptual knowledge of social networks and social cognition in a sequential-ordered logic to achieve organizational readiness and readiness for change. They, moreover, internalize these concepts to transform SMEs into large, mature business entities with high levels of competitiveness, leadership engagement, dynamic capabilities, and profound sustainabilities.

How does the Government of Indonesia empower SMEs? An analysis of the social cognition found in newspapers

Purpose – This study aims to acknowledge that most Indonesian small and medium enterprises (SMEs) experience slow growth. It highlighted that this sluggishness is because of some falsification of Indonesia’s ecological psychology. It focuses on investigating the situated cognition that probably supports this falsification, such as affordance, a community of practice, embodiment and the legitimacy of peripheral participation situated cognition and social intelligence theories









Community Services