The world community faces unprecedented ecological challenges in the 21st century, including climate change, resource scarcity, and threats to biodiversity. A critical task in coming decades for government policymakers, civil society organizations, corporate leaders, and entrepreneurial innovators will be to find ways to meet simultaneously both economic and environmental goals.
PERTAMINA has been awarded two platinum awards in the CSR Award (ICA) 2017, and an Appreciation Award presented by Sindo News Media for conducting CSR in the same year. However, PERTAMINA is also linked to controversial cases, such as the devastating oil spill in Balikpapan Bay in 2018 due to a leaked oil pipe. This is not a surprising news, as PERTAMINA allegedly experienced a leak from its oil pipes previously, in the year of 2004 and 2017.
The PERTAMINA oil spill case in Balikpapan Bay causes multiple adverse impacts to the environment, the surrounding society, and to the business itself. The ecological damage itself is estimated to be US $8.27 billion. The spill is said to be Indonesia’s worst environmental disaster from the last ten years. How can PERTAMINA manage environmental and business sustainability by reducing ecological damages and promote sustainable development? More importantly, how can the government help impose laws, regulations, and sanctions to help support environmental sustainability?
Facebook was released on February 4, 2004 by Mark Zuckerberg along with 4 other friends such as Eduardo Saverin, Andrew McCollum, Dustin Moskovitz and Chris Hughes.
Since 2004, Facebook has introduced some of the features contained in the website. The News Feed feature introduced in 2006 allows users to communicate and view their friends' activities on the website. It also allows for direct advertisement to the user's News Feed. In 2007, Facebook introduced the Beacon feature, which collects data about its user activities, focusing on the habits of user shopping activities.
Beacon Tool is used to track user's search data and purchases from partner sites, Facebook then broadcast this information to the user's network. No need to wait too long, this feature reaps a lot of controversy and protests from the online community. Many communities believe that the Beacon Tool is a privacy violation and a user agreement violation by the company. The Beacon Tool records Internet activity of Facebook users and sends this activity back to Facebook which then publishes across the network of Facebook users. The Beacon Tool is applied to all Facebook users by default.
In mid-2014, Feriadi contemplated the way back to his home while accompanied by the sound of radio newscaster’s in his car. The news mostly discussed about some of the structural weaknesses in the economy of Indonesia, such as the rise of the e-commerce and the leadership system that have less influence on employee performance. With the rocketing competition from similar businesses, he thought harder on how to increase the growth of their company while not unsettling the current value of JNE.
On August 17, 2009, William Tanuwijaya and Leontinus Alpha Edison two close friend that worked together to achieve their dream, officially launched the first online platform shop called Tokopedia. Tokopedia held an icon of green owl with big eyes, the owl was the symbol of wisdom and had a great vision into every direction. It means that Tokopedia had holistic point of view for their business start from the company itself, the buyers and the sellers.
At that time, Internet was forecasted to be the new era of commerce since its inception in the beginning of 2000. Internet development in Indonesia continues to increase in 2013 (Exhibit 1), there were 74.6 million Internet users in Indonesia (the highest in Southeast Asia), a rising up 22 percent from a year earlier. This figure is expected to exceed 100 million in 2015 (Marketeers, 2014). ebay, Amazon, Alibaba were the e-commerce company that already stable worldwide while in Indonesia the online shop was a new things. The current Internet-based commercial transaction (e-commerce) is an essential element in the business life. With the number of internet users that is about 30% of the total population of Indonesia, Indonesian e-commerce market has a high potential in the future.
Eight years later, Tokopedia was known as the biggest e-commerce platform in Indonesia with thousands of tenants or retails and Tokopedia announced funding of US$100 million from SoftBank and Seqouia Capital (techinasia.com, 2014). The two founders, William and Leon were known as the former electronic entrepreneurs that went beyond their time. This case study explores or explains the factors that made Tokopedia big as we know today . This case study focuses on five entrepreneurial mindset such as creativitiy, collaboration, direction, coordination and delegation that the two founders did along with the growth of Tokopedia.
This case study discusses some inspiring rural leaders consisting of the Regency of Purwakarta (West Java), Batang (Central Java), and Bantaeng (Southeast Sulawesi). Why rural leadership?
Rural leadership is interesting to discuss especially in transitional countries such as Indonesia, where the agricultural-based society is still very strong versus industrial-based societies. Nowadays the discussion about rural-based development depends very much on the leaders. It is said if the leader is bad then the region will not go anywhere and the leader ends up under government financial scrutiny or in jail.
In this case study three leaders change the mindset and mentality of their people, apply corporate governance especially in allocation and budget, and implement system-based government instead of preserving the cult of the individual. Each of the regents were owed credit due to their high achievements from very mediocre region that they ruled.
Nurhayati felt reluctant to let the outsource company manage the Beauty Advisor. She was to worry the outsource company could not maintain the quality of their service. But, this step should be taken, since Paragon will have to focus on their main business, the business of make-up. That’s why, she decided to keep the recruiting, training and determining the pay under her company, instead of letting it to the outsource company. Nurhayati will be focus more on developing product quality and quantity, as well as building more warehouse for the upcoming years, she hopes that by such strategic move it would made her company compete in the market, and however, any kinds of strategy would affect them financially.
The purpose of outsourcing Beauty Adviser Staff of Wardah rather than run and managed by itself is to create cost efficiency in the Corporation in order to keep it stays competitive in the market. This purpose has been asserted by Nurhayati as the top management. Since February 2017 the Corporation has outsourced its Beauty Adviser Staff to other party. Then, it is expected that Corporation can enjoy the cost efficiency and it can be more focus on the core-business. However, since the outsourcing of Beauty Adviser Staff just started several months ago, it is not appropriate period to evaluate whether the purpose of the Corporation is achieved or not. To be able to evaluate the Company purpose from financial perspective, at least need one year period considering other related cost. The cost of outsource Beauty Adviser Staff must be smaller than the cost when the staff run and managed by itself. How efficient it is, still needs time to see.